Often called the Prophet(P.B.U.H)'s Mosque, is a mosque situated in the city of Medina. As the final resting place of the Prophet Muhammad(P.B.U.H), it is considered the second holiest site in Islam by Muslims (the first being the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah) and is one of the largest mosques in the world. The mosque is under the control of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.
The site was originally Prophet Muhammad(P.B.U.H)'s house; he settled there after his Hijra (emigration) to Medina, later building a masjid on the grounds. He himself shared in the heavy work of construction. The original masjid was an open-air building. The basic plan of the building has been adopted in the building of other masjids throughout the world. The masjid also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Qur'an. In 1909, it became the first place in the Arabian Peninsula to be provided with electrical lights.
Importance of Masjid Nabbawi
Narrated Qazaa Maula(freed slave of) Ziyad: "I heard Abu Said Al-khudri narrating four things from the Prophet and I appreciated them very much. He said, conveying the words of the Prophet. (1) "A woman should not go on a two day journey except with her husband or a Dhi-Mahram. (2) No fasting is permissible on two days: 'Id-ul-Fitr and 'Id-ul-Adha. (3) No prayer after two prayers, i.e. after the Fajr prayer till the sunrises and after the 'Asr prayer till the sun sets. (4) Do not prepare yourself for a journey except to three Mosques, i.e. Al-Masjid-Al-Haram, the Mosque of Aqsa (Jerusalem) and my Mosque(Masjid-Nabbawi)." Sahih Al Bukhari Hadith No.288 Volume No.2
One of the most notable features of the masjid is the Green Dome over the center of the mosque, where the tomb of Muhammad(P.B.U.H) is located. It is not exactly known when the green dome was constructed but manuscripts dating to the early 12th century describe the dome. It is known as the Dome of the Prophet or the Green Dome.Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated it. Early Muslim Caliphs Abu Bakr(R.A) and Umar(R.A) are buried in an adjacent area in the masjid.