Some of the most important examples of architecture in Pakistan are the nation’s mosques, many of which are decorated with geometric patterns covering the floors, walls, and surrounding the doorways. Pakistan’s ancient architecture is dominated by tombs and religious shrines.
Pakistan is also renowned for its modern architecture. In 1958, Pakistan decided to move its capital from Karachi to a new city that would be called Islamabad, or “City of Islam”. With the city's skyline like a blank canvas, some of the most famous modern architects went to work designing a wide range of buildings, from sleek, low-slung marble buildings to skyscrapers.
One of the most important periods in architecture in Pakistan was the Mughal dynasty which began in the 1500s. The Lahore Fort, where the emperor made daily appearances, was constructed during this period, when Lahore was the capital city. Shish Mahal, the hall of mirrors, uses thousands of tiny mirrors to create patterns decorating the walls. Shalimar gardens, outside Lahore, surround a palace, and contain over 400 fountains and large square pools.