Qilla Abdullah

Killa Abdullah or Qilla Abdullah or Abdullah Qilla is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. Over 99% of the people of the area are Muslims. The population of Qilla Abdullah District was estimated to be over 400,000 in 2005, the vast majority being Pakhtuns.

Killa Abdullah was separated from Pishin District and made a new district in June 1993. The District also consist of one tehsil Chaman and two sub-tehsils: Dobandi and Gulistan. The district consists of two sub-divisions: Chaman and Gulistan. The total area is 3,293 square kilometres.


Qilla Abdullah district lies between 30 - 04 ' to 31 - 17 ' North Longitude in the foothills of the Shela Bagh Mountain range. It is bordered by Pishin District in the east, Quetta District in the South and by Afghanistan in the west. The geographical area of the district is 5,264 km2. It is composed of two sub-divisions; Gulistan and Chaman. The general character of the district is mountainous. Its northern area is covered by the Toba Plateau. The hill ranges are fairly uniform in character. They consist of long central ridges with numerous spurs. These spurs vary in elevation from 1,500 to 3,300 meters.


Qilla Abdullah is a small valley bordered by mountains. The valley floor is covered with unconsolidated alluvial sediments that are mostly composed of clay, silt, silty clay and clayey silt. All these sediments were deposited in the valley by the seasonal streams that flow across the valley (generally north to south). The soil is of loamy nature in the Gulistan area, while the soil of Tehsil Chaman is sandy clay - gravial (Admixture). The sandy fraction increases towards the mountain ranges. The scarcity of water in the area and the semi-desert climatic conditions have limited trees and shrubs to grow. However, a few types of less water consuming wild bushes grow in the area in a scattered way.


The climate of the district Killa Abdullah is generally dry and temperate. The adjoining districts have somewhat deviating temperatures, owing to different elevations. The climatic conditions of the district are particularly suitable for horticulture/ agriculture. The climate is especially suitable for the growth of fruits e.g. apples, apricots, peaches, plums, grapes, cherries and vegetables such as potatoes, onions, tomatoes. And due to its climate and soil the distt. is also named THE FRUIT BASKET OF PAKISTAN.


The district is administratively subdivided into the following tehsils:
* Chaman
* Dobandi
* Gulistan
* Qilla Abdullah

Sites of Interest

* Khojak Tunnel & Pass:
This Pass will lead you directly to the Chaman Border of Afghanistan, 153 km from Quetta. The scenic beauty is simply enthralling. The border journey is to be materialized through Khojak Sheela, a 4 km long tunnel, at an elevation of more than 1945 meters above sea level.