Towns and cities in Balochistan are not as big as compared to other provinces generally due to scarcity of water and abundance of arid and wastelands. Khuzdar, though one of the important cities of Balochistan is a small sized city located in Khuzdar District in Balochistan, Pakistan. The city of Khuzdar is situated on National Highway linking Pakistan, Iran and Turkey. It is at a distance of about 400 kms from Karachi and 300 kms from Quetta, both of them being main cities of the country.
the Arab rule this region formed the province of Turan and Khuzdar was
the capital. It was an important cantonment and was the headquarters
of the Arab General Commanding the Indian frontier. Later Khuzdar became
a part of the Kalat State. It was the scene of a battle between the
people of Jhalawan and the Khan of Kalat in 1869. The Khan of Kalat
Mir Khuda Khan was victorious and built here a fort of painted pottery.
Close to the town are the ruins of an old fort built by the Arabs. Khuzdar
is the capital of Khuzdar district. It is a district and divisional
headquarters town in Balochistan. Previously party of the Kalat district,
Khuzdar was upgraded as a separate district on 1st March 1974. The district
is subdivided into three tehsils: Khuzdar, Naal and Wadh. It is at the
apex of a narrow valley at an elevation of 1,237 m (4.000 feet). Over
99% of the people of the area are Muslims. The population of Khuzdar
district is estimated to be over 525,000 in 2005. The major tribes in
the district are Bizenjo, Mardoi Jattak, Hasni, Zehri, Mengal, Zarakzai,
Ahmadzai,. A large military complex is near completion near Khuzdar,
which would make it the second largest Cantonment in Balochistan after
Khuzdar has its own university which is located at the outskirts of Khuzdar. The former college, now university is constructed on the foot-hills and is spread over an area of 200 acres. The clean and calm environment makes the university an ideal place for academic and research activities. Khuzdar Airport is situated at 5 km away from city centre of Khuzdar, Balochistan, Pakistan. It is not as large as the other airports in Pakistan, as it operates to cater mainly to the population of Khuzdar.
of the area is not reported and arable land is a small proportion of
the reported land. The total area of the old Khuzdar district, before
bifurcation, was 6,489,100 hectares. After bifurcation into Khuzdar
and Awaran, the statistics of the Board of Revenue give Khuzdar an area
of 4,326,100 hectares and Awaran 2,163,000 hectares. However the geographical
maps seem to indicate that both districts are of about equal size. Although
Khuzdar has a considerable length of roads, most of these are shingle
roads. Most of the villages and towns are interconnected through shingle
roads. However, some of these tracks become are difficult to pass during
heavy rains. A large part of the metalled roads mentioned in the table
below belongs to the National Highway Authority which connects Quetta
with Karachi via Khuzdar.