According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the district had a population of 2,068,490 of which 17.42% were urban.
The district of Khanewal was created in 1985 out of the two tehsils of Multan District, namely Kabirwala and Mian Channu. Its boundaries meet the districts of Jhang and Toba Tek Singh on the North, Sahiwal on the East, Vehari District on South and with Multan on the West.
The district of Khanewal is spread over an area of 4,349 square kilometres and comprises four tehsils:
* Mian Channu
Underground water resources are generally adequate throughout the district. The subsoil water is sweet throughout the district and suitable for industrial purposes. There is no mentionable nullah available in the district. However, effluent of industry can be disposed of in the rivers, namely Chenab and Ravi, after pretreatment, with permission from Irrigation and Power Department, Government of the Punjab. There are 26 telephone exchanges operating in the district (ranging in capacity from 200 lines to 7200 lines). Cellular phone services are also available in the district.