Lahore is the Capital city of Punjab Province of Pakistan. With the population of approximately 10 Million it is a very lively city. The main attraction of the city is its beautiful Architecture and bustling Bazaars. The tradition of buildings is centuries old in Lahore but the Moghul (1500AD to 1800AD) have contributed the most to it. The Moghul buildings are probably the most attractive. On an average one can easily spend two full days of sightseeing here. There are numerous mosques monuments bazaars, evening Musical programs and a variety Lifestyle in the city. The Lahore Museum is the largest in the country and houses articles from all over the country. The city is located just 25 KMS away from the Indian border on the grand Trunk road. This makes it a transit point before going into India from Pakistan.
There is a train from Lahore to Amrastar on Thursdays & Tuesdays , beside regular road transport. It is also well connected internationally by PIA and a few other local & Foreign carriers. There are also regular flight from all major cities of Pakistan to Lahore operated by Private airlines and PIA. Temperature is usually warm except in the months of January & February it is a bit chili.
on the east bank of the Ravi River, Lahore is very old. Legend traces
its origin to Loh, the son of Rama Chandra, the hero of the Ramayana,
but history records that it began as a dependency of the 8th century AD
Hindu ruler, Lalitiditya. In the early 11th century it came under Muslim
rule and evolved as a centre of Islamic culture and learning as well as
trade and commerce. In the 13th century it was depopulated and razed to
the ground by the Tartar-Mongol hordes of Genghis Khan. Timurlane and
his Muslim Turks also arrived and destroyed the city.
the Mughal days the Old City was surrounded by a 9 meter high brick wall
and had a rampart running around it with a most connected with the River
Ravi which served as a protection for the city. A circular road around
the rampart gave access to the city through thirteen gates. Some of the
imposing structures of these gates are still preserved.
most parts of the Royal fort were constructed around 1566 AD by the Mughal
Emperor, Akbar the Great, there is a evidence that a mud fort was in existence
here in 1021 AD as well, when mud fort and constructed most of the modern
Fort, as we see it today, on the old foundations. Constructions of the
fort dates back to the early Hindu period.
is a new landmark in Lahore and stands in the Iqbal Park to commemorate
the date when a resolution was passed there back in 1940 demanding the
creation of separate homeland for the Muslims of this sub-continent. The
Minar is a blend of Mughal and modern architecture and has been very boldly
designed. The Minar is about 60 meters tall.
Wazir Khan's Mosque:
the old part of the town and off the Kashmiri Bazaar, reputedly the most
beautiful Mosque in the sub-continent is situated. The Mosque was built
in 1683 AD by Hakim Ilmuddin who was Minister to shah Jehan and was generally
known as Wazir Khan. It is a marvelous specimen of the work and arabesque
to the junction of the Lower Mall and the Circular Road is the shrine
of Data Sahib. Data Sahib was a great sufi saint whose well-known work,
"Kashf-ul-Mahjub" has been translated from the original Persian
into several European languages and is considered a classic. Attached
to the Shrine is a beautiful mosque.
the Badshahi Mosque, near its steps, lies the tomb of Allama Iqbal, the
poet-philosopher of the East. the mausoleum is a mixture of Afghan and
Moorish styles of architecture and is constructed entirely of red sandstone
which was quarried and brought from Rajasthan.
tomb of the fourth great Mughal emperor, Jehangir, lies three miles north-west
of Lahore across the River Ravi. It has a majestic structure made of red
sand-stone and marble. the outer entrance to the tomb opens out into a
court-yard which was used as a caravan Serai during Mughal times. An entrance
to the right leads into a Mughal garden with exact geometrical pattern
balancing each side. The marble tomb is approached from four corridors
leading from the garden. Three of these corridors are closed by intricate
marble screens. The marble grave is elaborately inlaid with floral designs
and the 99 Attributes of God are inscribed on its two sides. On the top
is a verse from the Holy Qur'an. The tomb was built by Queen Noor Jehan
and the Emperor's son Shah Jehan, around 1637 AD.
Empress Noor Jehan, "Light of the World" was the only empress
whose name appeared on the coins of the Mughal empire. She was buried
in 1845 AD at Shahdara (Lahore) outside Jehangir's mausoleum across the
was appointed Governor of India in 1191 AD by Muhammad Ghauri. He established
the Slave Dynasty on the death of Muhammad Ghauri in 1206 when he assumed
independence of his reign and was followed by nine other slave kings.
He was a patron of the building art and is known to have erected some
monumental stone buildings in Delhi and elsewhere. A very avid player
of polo, he died in Lahore in 1210 AD while playing the game. His tomb
can be visited in Anarkali Bazaar.
the courtyard near Jehangir tomb lies buried his brother-in-law, Asif
Khan, father of Shah Jehan's beloved Queen Arjumand Bano. He lies in a
tomb today shows little of its former splendor.
the old University Hall, a Mughal style building on the Shahrah-e-Quaid-e-Azam,
houses the Lahore Museum. the Museum contains some fine specimens of Mughal
and Sikh door-ways and wood-work and has a big collection of paintings
dating back to Indo-Pakistan, Mughal, Sikh and British times. It has also
a collection of musical instruments, ancient jewellery, textile, pottery
and armory. There are also relics from the Graeco-Pactrian times as well
as some Tibetan and Nepalese exhibits.
very large and interesting private Museum known as Faqirkhana lies inside
the Bhati Gate and is worth visiting. The museum houses a variety of old
paintings, including some by great masters, original manuscripts in different
languages and artifacts from South East Asia and the Indo-Pak sub-continent.
National Horse and Cattle show:
One of the most famous annual festivals. the National Horse and Cattle Show is also held in Spring in the Fortress Stadium. During the week long activities there is a display of the finest livestock, horse and camel dances, tent pegging colorful folk dances from all regions of Pakistan, mass-band displays and tattoo shows in the evening.
Basant - Kite-flying Festival:
the advent of Spring, skies of Lahore are resplendent with all types of
sizes of kites. The entire population participates in kite-flying matches
to herald the coming of Spring.
Minar is set in peaceful environs near Lahore. It was constructed by Emperor
Jehangir as a monument to Hansraj, one of his pet antelopes. It is a popular
picnic resort with a lake and boating facilities.
Manga is a man-made forest 68 kms from Lahore. There is a lake, and a
miniature railway which winds its way through its forest. Chhanga Manga
has 12,510 acres of plantations. It is a popular picnic spot spread over
50 acres with a lake and row boats, motor boats, children's park, swimming
pool, cafeteria, canteen and rest-houses.
The Park is 28 kms from Lahore. It can be visited by road and by rail. A rail-car leaves for Jallo Railway Station every half hour. Spread over an area of 450 acres, It has expanses of lawns, a forest research centre, a children's park, zoo, a small museum and a gift shop.
check-post is about 30 kms from Lahore and is the cross-over point for
travelers into India by the land route. It is open daily to foreigners
only (except Indian and Pakistani nationals) from 9.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m.