Gwadar was notified as a district on July 1, 1977 when Makran Division
was created and divided into three districts. Gwadar is the headquarters
of Gwadar District. Previously it was one of 3 tehsils of Makran District
before the district was upgraded to a division. For administrative purposes,
the district is divided into two sub-divisions, namely Gwadar and Pasni.
These sub-divisions are further divided into tehsils and sub-tehsils.
Gwadar sub-division comprises two tehsils, named Gwadar and Jiwani, and
one sub-tehsil named Suntsar. Pasni sub-division is divided into Pasni
and Ormara tehsils. Gwadar district, with its 600 kilometres long coast
line and un-irrigated tracts of Kulanch and Dasht valleys, has always
been an important chapter of Makran’s history.
The district of Gwadar is administratively subdivided into the following
According to the 1998 census the population of Gwadar District was
178,989 of whom 93% were Muslim with a small minority of Hindus, the
population was estimated to be over 250,000 in 2005. The major Baloch
tribes of the district are Kalmati, Raees, Zeno Zai, Poz Hoth and Shehzada.